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Alcohol Dependence

Reflections - Addiction Dependence Treatment

The term 'alcohol dependence' has replaced 'alcoholism' as a term in order that individuals do not internalize the idea of cure and disease, but can approach alcohol as a chemical they may depend upon to cope with outside pressures. Alcohol abuse means having unhealthy or dangerous drinking habits, such as drinking every day or drinking too much at a time. Alcohol abuse can harm your relationships, cause you to miss work, and lead to legal problems such as driving while drunk (intoxicated). When you abuse alcohol, you continue to drink even though you know your drinking is causing problems.

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Drug Dependence

Addiction Dependence Treatment

Drug Dependence, also called substance use disorder, is a dependence on a legal or illegal drug or medication. Keep in mind that alcohol and nicotine are legal substances, but are also considered drugs. When you're addicted, you're not able to control your drug use and you may continue using the drug despite the harm it causes. Drug addiction can cause an intense craving for the drug. You may want to quit, but most people find they can't do it on their own.

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Chemical Dependency

Reflections - Addiction Dependency Treatment

Chemical dependency forces you to relinquish control over your actions and your sense of logic. The driving force of addiction, chemical dependency is a menacing illness that literally plays tricks on your brain to make you engage in self-destructive behavior. Even though an indvidual may possess the strongest will and most steadfast resolve, they may still fall victim to chemical dependency; this is the reason why so many people continue to relapse after attempting to stop taking drugs. Prolonged drug abuse creates significant changes in your brain's reward system that can easily leav you chemically dependent. This is an often overlooked or misunderstood aspect of drug use. In the beginning you may be in control; however when chemical dependency is triggered, the drug has control over you.

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Behavioral Dependence

Reflections - Addiction Dependence Treatment

Behavioral addiction is a form of addiction that involves a compulsion to engage in a rewarding non-drug-related behavior – sometimes called a natural reward – despite any negative consequences to the person's physical, mental, social or financial well-being. A gene transcription factor known as ΔFosB has been identified as being the critical progenitor of behavioral and drug addictions, which are associated with the same set of neural adaptations in the reward system.

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Physical Dependence

Reflections - Addiction Dependence Treatment

Physical dependence refers to a state resulting from chronic use of a drug that has produced tolerance and where negative physical symptoms[4] of withdrawal result from abrupt discontinuation or dosage reduction.[5] Physical dependence can develop from low-dose therapeutic use of certain medications such as benzodiazepines, opioids, antiepileptics and antidepressants, as well as the recreational misuse of drugs such as alcohol, opioids, and benzodiazepines. The higher the dose used, the greater the duration of use, and the earlier age use began are predictive of worsened physical dependence and thus more severe withdrawal syndromes. Acute withdrawal syndromes can last days, weeks or months.

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